In a personalized learning ecosystem, learners play an active role in the learning process. They develop agency by taking initiative and having influence over their learning. Agency is not only about learners having the power and choices to take action, but also being able to understand and take responsibility for the results of their decisions.
Research: CORE Education - Learner Agency Final Research Report
Article: This is What Learner Agency Looks Like
Article: 6 Questions that Promote Learner Agency